Half true. Far more than an audience campaign; current evidence (I presume you meant “indictment language) involved identity fraud, fraudulent bank transfers, shell companies, and resident collaboration. It was a negative campaign against Hillary that was also pro-Bernie, pro-Stein, pro-Johnson/Weld, pro-Cruz at some points. The “audience development … on behalf of Trump” was an important consequence of the former.

Written by

Professor and researcher in news, journalism, and #hashtags. Award-nominated data journalist. Media, communication, and technology.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store